Treatment of Periodontal Disease
Gum disease occurs when bacteria grows in your mouth and starts to corrode your teeth and gums. If left untreated, gum disease can have harsh consequences, such as gum deterioration and tooth loss.
Gum disease begins with gum inflammation called gingivitis. In this stage, the gums become swollen and irritated due to bacterial build up in hardened plaque pockets. This may cause gums to be red or to bleed after you brush your tooth. Still, the roots of your teeth will remain in place at the gingivitis stage.
However, if not addressed, you may develop the second stage of gum disease, which is called periodontitis. In this stage, your gums will pull away from your teeth, creating pockets that let bacteria collect and spread. In combination with natural enzymes from your body, toxins made by the bacteria will eat at the bone and tissue in your gums. At this point, the roots of your teeth will no longer be anchored in place, and permanent tooth loss may occur.
There are many factors that contribute to gum disease. Tartar buildup is the main one, but others include: poor lifestyle habits, such as consuming a lot of sugar or smoking, lack of oral hygiene, illnesses that affect the immune system (HIV, diabetes), and family history of the disease.
Symptoms of gum disease include:
• Swollen, red, or tender gums
• Bleeding from the gums
• Halitosis, or persistent bad breath
• Loose or shifting teeth
• A receding gum line
Even if you do not display any symptoms, there is still a chance that gum disease may be present in your mouth. That’s why it’s so important to visit your dentist regularly. Only a dental professional will be able to recognize and treat periodontitis.
If you have any questions or are concerned that you may be in need of gum disease treatment, call Apex Dental today to schedule an appointment. Our specialists will evaluate the condition of your mouth and advise you on the appropriate treatment plan.